Requirements for contributed Scripts
To prepare your script for submission into the Blender Add-ons Catalog (to be distributed along with Blender) your script must
- contain Add-on Meta Information in a "
- define register() and unregister() functions.
- be documented on an associated Wiki Page in the Blender Wiki
- be evaluated and approved by another Blender Developer
- pass the Flake8 / other PEP 8 checker Tool For Style Guide Enforcement
- be compatible with the latest Blender release (for help updating scripts to run on 2.8x, consult this page (Work in Progress))
The flake8 Tool
The flake8 tool is currently used as a style checker for Python code. However, other PEP 8 tools can be used instead, taking into account some scripting specifics / style exemptions used for convenience. flake8 incorporates several scripts into one - providing additional functionality like checking for unused variables. To install flake8, follow the Quickstart instructions from the Flake8 Checker link at the bottom of the page, so it is available system wide. The tool can be run from the command line or setup to run from a specific IDE. To get flake8 running in a specific editor, please consult that editor's documentation.
Here is the list of Style recommendations for Blender Add-ons:
- Line length must not exceed 120 characters
- Use 4 spaces for indentation. No mixing of tabs and spaces allowed.
- Two lines gap between functions and classes, one maximum between blocks inside a function/class
- Spaces around operators
- No trailing spaces (at the end of a line or in empty lines of code)
- If possible, avoid single scripts longer than 1000 lines. Consider breaking them in sub-modules in a folder structure imported from an __init__.py instead.
- All significant functions1, classes, and functions within classes should have a docstring explaining
- what they do,
- which parameters they receive,
- which parameters they return.
- Comments and variable names in US English.
- Constant2 variable names all upper case.
- No reliance on deprecated parts of the Blender/Python API.
- 1: Significant Functions: For our purposes, a significant function requiring a docstring is a function that's purpose and functionality will not be obvious to a python programmer unfamiliar with the code at first glance. Even fairly simple functions should have a docstring if they are more then a few lines
- 2: Constants: Python has no constants, this refers to variables that do not change in the script. For some example names: PI, EUL for a small number, RAD_TO_DEG, IDENTITY_MATRIX4X4.
Criterias to be checked before evaluation
Below you find a list of evaluation properties which should apply to your Script. Please make sure that your Script matches the points nicely before you contact a reviewer. This will save a lot of time for everybody and it will give you a good chance to get your Work published quickly:
- Maintainability (readability)
- Correctness and completeness
- Consistency (the interface and functionality should try to match with the existing feel and conventions of Blender).
How to get your Script published in Blender
If you are finally ready to publish your addon on the Blender Foundation servers, get started by reading the formal Process to Submit Addons to Blender repositories.
Special case: Using Custom Icons and images
If you want to use custom icons in your addon (available from Blender 2.75), you also need to observe these guidelines:
- Do not use these for advertising, logos, or other non-functional use cases.
- Use a minimal number of custom icons. This helps to keep Blender's interface uniform and uncluttered.
- Only use custom images in a way that is compatible with how the rest of Blender works - they should seem like part of the default interface we provide for everyone.
- Only use the feature within the context and UI of your own Add-on. You cannot rely on other add-ons to have this already preloaded. This feature also does not allow replacing of the default icons.
- Do not force preview image creation outside of the add-on dir, except when explicitly asked for by the user in the UI.
- The default icon size in Blender is 32x32 and for previews it's 256x256. Your images will be scaled to fit these sizes on their maximum side.
- Blender Manual page on addons
- General information about addon usage
- Style Guide for Python Code
- Recommended coding conventions for submitted Python code
- Flake8 Checker
- A tool to check Python code to see if it conforms to the PEP 8 style conventions listed in the link just above this one
- PEP8 online check
- An Online PEP 8 Python code checker