With the items in the Visualization panel you can set the way the particles will be rendered or depicted in the view ports in various ways. Some option are valid only for the 3D window, the particles then are rendered always as Halos. Some of the options will be rendered as shown in the 3D window.
|The emitter is invisible|
|If you create a particle system, the emitter is no longer rendered. Activate the button Emitter to also render the mesh.|
It is very often necessary to animate the material settings of the particle material. By default 100 frames of the Ipo curves are related to the lifetime of the particles. So a material animation of 100 frames in the Ipo window will take place in the lifetime of the particles, independent whether the particle life will last 10 or 1000 frames. You may change this relation in the Extras panel.
In the 3D window particles can be depicted as:
- Point, here shown with it’s size
- Line or Path
Object and Group visualizations are not shown.
Types of Visualization
- None: The particles are not shown in the 3D window and are not rendered. The emitter may be rendered though.
- Point/Circle/Cross: Particles visualized like Point, Circle, Cross and Axis are all still rendered as Halos, but displayed as needed in the 3D window. These modes of visualization don’t have any special options, but can be very useful when you have multiple particle systems at play, if you don’t want to confuse particles of one system from another (e.g. in simulations using Boids physics).
- Axis is useful if you want to see the orientation and rotation of particles in the view port. Increase the Draw Size until you can clearly distinguish the axis.
- Line: The Line visualization mode creates (more or less thin) polygon lines with the strand renderer in the direction of particles velocities. The thickness of the line is set with the parameter Start of the Strands shader (Material sub-context, Links and Pipeline panel).
- Speed: Multiply the line length by particles’ speed. The faster, the longer the line.
- Back: Set the length of the particle’s tail.
- Front: Set the length of the particle’s head.
- Path: The way of the particle during it’s lifetime is shown at once. This is the visualization type you use for hair, grass etc. Needs either a Hair particle system or Keyed particle physics. Because this visualization type has so much options it is explained in greater detail below.
- Object: In the Object visualization mode the specified object (OB: field) is duplicated in place of each particle. The duplicated object has to be at the center of the coordinate system, or it will get an offset to the particle.
- OB: The name of the object.
- Group: In the Group visualization mode, the objects that belong to the group (GR: field) are duplicated sequentially in the place of the particles.
- GR: The name of the group.
- Dupli Group: Use the whole group at once, instead of one of its elements, the group being displayed in place of each particle.
- Pick Random: The objects in the group are selected in a random order, and only one object is displayed in place of a particle.
- Please note that this mechanism fully replaces old Blender particles system using parentage and DupliVerts to replace particles with actual geometry. This method is fully deprecated and doesn’t work anymore.
- Billboard: Billboards are aligned square planes. How they are aligned, and what are they aligned to can be influenced in many ways. Texturing billboards (including animated textures with alpha) is done by using uv coordinates that are generated automatically for them. This works well for animations, because the alignment of the billboards can be dynamic. An interesting alternative to billboards are in certain cases strands, because you can animate the shape of the strands. Because this visualization type has so much options it is explained in greater detail below.
Defines various display options for the particles in the viewports of Blender.
- Vel: Draw the velocity of the particles with a line.
- Size: Draw the size of the particles with a circle.
- Num: Draw the id-numbers of the particles in the order of emission.
- Draw size: Specifies how large (in pixels) the particles are drawn in the viewport (0 = default).
- Disp: Specifies the percentage of all particles to show in the viewport (all particles are still rendered).
Defines various options for the particles mostly at render time.
- Material: Which object’s material index to use for the particles.
- Col: Draw particles in the material’s diffuse color (Col in the Material panel of the Material sub-context). This makes it easy to distinguish different particle systems in the 3D window. Please note the active particles system is always drawn in white in the viewports.
- Emitter: Render also the emitter object and not just its particles.
- Parents: Render also parent particles if child particles are used. Children have a lot of different deformation options, so the straight parents would stand between their curly children. So by default Parents are not rendered if you activate Children.
- Unborn: Render particles even before they are born.
- Died: Render particles even after they have died. This is very useful if particles die in a collision (Die on hit), so you can cover objects with particles.
The Path visualization needs a Hair particle system or Keyed particles. It uses the strand renderer and is used for hair, fur, etc.
- Steps: Set the number of subdivisions of the drawn paths in the viewport (the value is a power of 2). This means 0 steps give 1 subdivision, 1 give 2 subdivisions, 2→4, 3→8, 4→16, …
- Render: Set the number of subdivisions of the rendered paths (the value is a power of 2). You should set this value carefully, because if you increase the render value by two you need four times more memory to render. Also the rendering is faster if you use low render values (sometimes drastically). But how low you can go with this value depends on the waviness of the hair.
- Abs Length: Use an absolute length for particle children path visualization mode.
- Max Length: Set the value of the absolute maximum length (in blender units).
- RLength: Randomize path lengths.
- B-Spline: Interpolate hair using B-Splines. This may be an option for you if you want to use low Render values. You loose a bit of control but gain smoother paths.
- Strand render: [Keypointstrands] Use the strand primitive for rendering. Very fast and effective renderer.
- Angle: How many degrees (0-45°) path has to curve to produce another render segment.
- Adaptive render: Tries to remove unnecessary geometry from the paths before rendering particle strands in order to make the render faster and easier on memory.
- Angle: How many degrees path has to curve to produce another render segment (straight parts of paths need fewer segments).
- Pixel: How many pixels path has to cover to produce another render segment (very short hair or long hair viewed from far away need fewer parts).
Please see also the manual page about Strands for an in depth description.
Billboards are aligned square planes. They are aligned to the camera by default, but you can choose another object that they should be aligned to. If you move a billboard around it’s target, it always faces the center of it’s target. The size of a billboard is set with the parameter Size of the particle (in Blender Units). You can use them e.g. for Sprites, or to replace Halo visualization. Everything that can be done with a halo can also be done with a billboard. But billboards are real objects, they are seen by raytracing, they appear behind transparent objects, they may have an arbitrary form and receive light and shadows. They are a bit more difficult to set up and take more render time and resources.
Billboards can be textured (including transparency), so they can take an arbitrary shape. The textures can be animated in several ways:
- Depending on the particle lifetime (relative time).
- Depending on the particle starting time.
- Depending on the frame (absolute time).
You can use different sections of an image texture:
- Depending on the lifetime of the billboard.
- Depending on the emission time.
- Depending on align or tilt.
Since you use normal materials for the billboard you have all freedoms in mixing textures to your liking. The material itself is animated in absolute time.
The main thing to understand is that if the object doesn’t have any UV Layers, you need to create at least one in the objects Editing context, for any of these to work. Moreover, the texture has to be set to UV coordinates in the Map Input panel. If you want to see examples for some of the animation possibilities, see the Billboard Animation Tutorial.
- Align to/Lock: You can limit the movement with these options. How the axis is prealigned at emission time.
- View: No prealignement, normal orientation to the target.
- X/Y/Z: Along the global X/Y/Z-axis respectively.
- Velocity: Along the speed vector of the particle.
- Lock: Locks the align axis, keeps this orientation, the billboard aligns only along one axis to it’s target
- Tilt: Rotation angle of the billboards planes. A tilt of 1 rotates by 180 degrees (turns the billboard upside down).
- Rand: Random variation of tilt.
The animation of the UV textures is a bit tricky. The UV texture is split into rows and columns (N times N). The texture should be square. You have to use UV Split in the UV channel and fill in the name of the UV layer. This generated UV coordinates for this layer.
- UV Split: The amount of rows/columns in the texture to be used.
- Animate: Dropdown menu, indicating how the split UVs could be animated (changing from particle to particle with time):
- None: No animation occurs on the particle itself, the billboard uses one section of the texture in it’s lifetime.
- Time: The sections of the texture are gone through sequentially in particles’ lifetimes.
- Angle: Change the section based on the angle of rotation around the Align to axis, if View is used the change is based on the amount of tilt.
- Offset: Specifies how to choose the first part (of all the parts in the n×n grid in the texture defined by the UV Split number) for all particles.
- None: All particles start from the first part.
- Linear: First particle will start from the first part and the last particle will start from the last part, the particles in between will get a part assigned linearly from the first to the last part.
- Random: Give a random starting part for every particle.
- OffsetX: Offset the billboard horizontally in relation to the particle center, this does not move the texture.
- OffsetY: Offset the billboard vertically in relation to the particle center.
- OB: The target object that the billboards are facing. By default, the active camera is used.
- UV Channel: Billboards are just square polygons. To texture them in different ways we have to have a way to set what textures we want for the billboards and how we want them to be mapped to the squares. These can then be set in the texture mapping buttons to set wanted textures for different coordinates. You may use three different UV layers and get three different sets of UV coordinates, which can then be applied to different (or the same) textures.
- Normal: Coordinates are the same for every billboard, and just place the image straight on the square.
- Time-Index (X-Y): Coordinates actually define single points in the texture plane with the x-axis as time and y-axis as the particle index. For example using a horizontal blend texture mapped to color from white to black will give us particles that start off as white and gradually change to black during their lifetime. On the other hand a vertical blend texture mapped to color from white to black will make the first particle to be white and the last particle to be black with the particles in between a shade of gray.
- Split: Coordinates are a single part of the UV Split grid, which is a n×n grid over the whole texture. What the part is used for each particle and at what time is determined by the Offset and Animate controls. These can be used to make each billboard unique or to use an “animated” texture for them by having each frame of the animation in a grid in a big image.
- UV: Set the name of the UV layer to use with billboards (you can use a different one for each UV Channel). By default, it is the active UV layer (check the Mesh panel in the Editing context, F9).